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Table 1 Aerodynamic characteristics of flow over a square cylinder obtained by experiments

From: RANS and hybrid LES/RANS simulations of flow over a square cylinder

  Incoming flow intensity (%) Re/103 St -Cpb CD CD' CL'
Lyn and Rodi [5] 2 21.4 0.132 1.6 2.1   
Vickery [29] smooth 100 0.118 1.31    1.33
Noda and Nakayama [4] 0.2 68.9 0.131 1.483 2.164 0.207 1.18
Noda and Nakayama [4] 5.3 68.9 0.133 1.318 1.989 0.203 1.105
Bearman and Obasaju [2] <  0.04 11 to 47 0.127 1.65    
<  0.04 20      1.2
Nishimura and Taniike [3] 0.1 40   1.3 2.32 0.245 1.32
Igarashi [30] 0.5 22 0.126~0.131a 1.29~1.35a    
0.5 37    2.22   
0.5 56    2.18   
Durao et al. [31] 6 14 0.133     
Lee [32] smooth 176   1.42 2.17   
0.5 176 0.122 1.29 2.06   
Liu et al. [33] 0.7 4.06    2.18   
0.7 9.55    2.107   
0.7 18.1    2.201   
0.7 32.2    2.09   
0.7 45.8 0.135   2.084   1.1
0.7 58.2    2.02   
Alam et al. [34] 0.5 47 0.128   2.15 0.27 1.18
  1. a Experimental measurements differ from each other with different choice of side dimension (D) of the square cylinder