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Table 3 Average aerodynamic coefficient and efficiency of wing with or without clap-and-fling effect

From: Aerodynamics and dynamic stability of micro-air-vehicle with four flapping wings in hovering flight

  \( {\overline{C}}_L \) \( {\overline{C}}_D \) \( {\overline{C}}_P \) η
Wing without Clap-and-fling effect 2.044 2.727 2.624 1.114
Wing with Clap-and-fling effect 2.436 3.882 3.253 1.168